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A male dentist shows a white woman in her 30s a picture of an x-ray to explain what dentures are made of.

What are Dentures Made of?

1 minute to read

Posted: Mar 14, 2021

You may have heard the expression “the clothes make the man [or woman],” but perhaps you haven’t heard “materials make the denture” – OK, we made that last one up, but it’s true. Just like a good tailor who takes your measurements and sews up a snazzy suit for you, your dentist does a similar thing: Making made-to-measure dentures from quality materials. If you’re curious about what each denture component is made from and what dentures are generally made of, then read on. 

What Are Full Dentures Made Of: The Base

Let’s talk all about that base. Your dentures’ base is the foundational structure that gives your artificial teeth support and is made using the several impressions your dentist will make

Materials typically used in denture bases: 

  • Acrylic resin, which serves as the base of the complete denture, retains the denture teeth, and emulates the gingiva of supporting teeth. 

  • In some cases, a cast metal base as part of a denture base. 

What Are Partial Dentures Made Of: The Framework

Partial dentures use a framework that holds your dentures in place. You can get denture frameworks made from many materials, such as: 

  • Base metal alloys. This is the most popular material used for the framework of a partial denture as it’s strong, less likely to break, and provides a better fit, not to mention it’s ideal for partial plates. 

  • Chrome cobalt. This material is another very strong substance that makes a popular choice for denture frameworks. 

  • Acrylic resin. This material aren’t as strong do not fit as well as metal frame dentures. 

  • Flexible polymer. This is a type of nylon that’s found in Valplast dentures, which has a flexible base that can blend in seamlessly with your gums, making it a good denture material

You can also get denture frameworks made from nickel chrome, stainless steel, or even gold, but these are less common than those listed above. 

What Are False Teeth of a Denture Made Of?

Your new pearly whites may not be made of actual pearls, but you can get artificial teeth from two different materials:  

  • Acrylic resin. This type of material adheres more securely to the base of your denture. It is also easier to adjust, it’s less expensive than porcelain, and it’s also much lighter. The downside of acrylic resin is it wears down faster, and you may need to replace it every half a decade or so. 

  • Porcelain. The main benefits of porcelain dentures are they can be color-matched with your natural teeth, and they can feel almost like the real thing. However, these are not commonly used anymore. 

There are so many options when it comes to getting your dentures made. Although the cost of getting dentures is a significant factor, you may also want to consider quality, longevity, and color when you’re deciding. Talk to your dentist to find the right denture for you.