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A male dentist shows a white woman in her 30s a picture of an x-ray to explain what dentures are made of.

What are Dentures Made of?

2 minutes to read

Posted: Mar 14, 2021

You may have heard the expression “the clothes make the man [or woman],” but perhaps you haven’t heard “materials make the denture” – OK, we made that last one up, but it’s true. Just like a good tailor who takes your measurements and sews up a snazzy suit for you, your dentist does a similar thing: Making made-to-measure dentures from quality materials. If you’re curious about what each denture component is made from and what dentures are generally made of, then read on. 

What Are Full Dentures Made Of: The Base

Let’s talk all about that base. Your dentures’ base is the foundational structure that gives your artificial teeth support and is made using the several impressions your dentist will make

Materials typically used in denture bases: 

  • Acrylic resin, which serves as the base of the complete denture, retains the denture teeth, and emulates the gingiva of supporting teeth. 

  • In some cases, a cast metal base as part of a denture base. 

What Are Partial Dentures Made Of: The Framework

Partial dentures use a framework that holds your dentures in place. You can get denture frameworks made from many materials, such as: 

Partial Metal Dentures

These dentures have a metal base and are often smaller than plastic or acrylic dentures. They’re matched with high-quality composite teeth made to look like your natural teeth. These are more labor intensive to make, so they can cost more. Most of the time, partial metal dentures are made from:

  • Base metal alloys. This is the most popular material used for the framework of a partial denture as it’s strong, less likely to break, and provides a better fit, not to mention it’s ideal for partial plates. 

  • Chrome cobalt. This material is another very strong substance that makes a popular choice for denture frameworks. 

Flexible Denture Material

Flexible dentures have a few benefits, including that they’re less prone to wear and tear and are more ergonomic, making eating and speaking a little easier. This type of denture uses materials like:

  • Acrylic resin. This material aren’t as strong do not fit as well as metal frame dentures. 

  • Flexible polymer. This is a type of nylon that’s found in Valplast dentures, which has a flexible base that can blend in seamlessly with your gums, making it one of the best denture materials.

You can also get denture frameworks made from nickel chrome, stainless steel, or even gold, but these are less common than those listed above. 

What Are False Teeth of a Denture Made Of?

Your new pearly whites may not be made of actual pearls, but you can get artificial teeth from two different materials:  

  • Acrylic resin. This type of material adheres more securely to the base of your denture. It is also easier to adjust, it’s less expensive than porcelain, and it’s also much lighter. The downside of acrylic resin is it wears down faster, and you may need to replace it every half a decade or so. 

  • Porcelain. The main benefits of porcelain dentures are they can be color-matched with your natural teeth, and they can feel almost like the real thing. However, these are not commonly used anymore. 

There are so many options when it comes to getting your dentures made. Although the cost of getting dentures is a significant factor, you may also want to consider quality, longevity, and color when you’re deciding. Talk to your dentist to find the right denture for you. 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Acrylic Dentures

If you’re thinking of getting acrylic dentures, you may want to consider the pros and cons. The advantages of acrylic dentures are:

  • They’re durable and long lasting, especially those made from hybrid acrylic materials.

  • They weigh less than porcelain dentures.

  • They cost less than porcelain dentures.

The disadvantages of acrylic dentures are:

  • They’re more prone to wear and tear than porcelain dentures.

  • They require replacing every five to eight years.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Metal Dentures

When it comes to the benefits and downsides of metal dentures, it’s worth considering the pros and cons to see whether metal dentures are right for you.

The advantages of metal dentures are:

  • They’re slim and sturdy.

  • They’re long lasting.

  • They don’t disturb the natural alignment of the remaining teeth.

The disadvantages of metal dentures are:

  • They can cost more than acrylic or plastic dentures.

Frequently Asked Questions About Denture Materials

What are the highest-quality dentures made of?

One of the highest-quality materials used in dentures is porcelain. Porcelain dentures are known for their strength and durability, but they do cost more. Also, porcelain teeth give your dentures a natural appearance.

What is the pink part of dentures made of?

The pink part of dentures is made from acrylic, which is colored pink for the base and gums.

What is the difference between acrylic and porcelain dentures?

Acrylic dentures are softer than porcelain, so they’re less durable. But while porcelain dentures are long lasting, the teeth are more likely to develop fractures, unlike acrylic dentures. Acrylic dentures are also more stain resistant. It’s also important to note that acrylic dentures are much quieter while chewing, as porcelain can click during chewing. There are variable pros and cons between the two, so talk to your dentist about your options.

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